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Advanced Placement program was first introduced in the 2011-2012 academic year as a pilot program in 4 courses only (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics). AP, which was developed in the United States of America and spread around the world, is practiced and recognized in more than 60 countries. In Turkey, it is used in the American Schools and few other schools and it is considered as the most significant international diploma program. The program that has been in practice since 1955 is administered by the College Board, which also administers SAT exams. Advanced Placement is a strong, comprehensive and rigorous program that aims excellence in education. AP program consists of 38 courses in 6 different areas.

Advantages of the Advanced Placement (AP) Program

Validity of the AP program

Around 3300 universities around the world receive and assess AP exam results every year. Each university has its own AP Admittance requirements. While some universities accept 3 as the valid score, others accept 4 or 5. In Turkey, some universities assess the AP exam results to grant course exemption or to facilitate the process of changing the field of study.

Ministry of Education Approved AP Courses Taught at TED Istanbul College Private High School

AP Calculus AB

The course is organized around the foundational concepts of calculus:

  • Limits
  • Derivatives
  • Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

The course teaches students to approach calculus concepts and problems when they are represented graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally, and to make connections amongst these representations.

Students learn how to use technology to help solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.

AP Physics 1

Students explore principles of Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits.

The course is based on six big ideas, which encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about the physical world. The following are the big ideas:

  • Objects and systems have properties such as mass and charge. Systems may have internal structure.
  • Fields existing in space can be used to explain interactions.
  • The interactions of an object with other objects can be described by forces.
  • Interactions between systems can result in changes in those systems.
  • Changes that occur as a result of interactions are constrained by conservation laws.
  • Waves can transfer energy and momentum from one location to another without the permanent transfer of mass and serve as a mathematical model for the description of other phenomena.

AP Chemistry

The key concepts and related content that de ne the AP Chemistry course and exam are organized around underlying principles called the Big Ideas.

They encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about the particulate nature of matter underlying the observations students make about the physical world. The following are Big Ideas:

  • The chemical elements are the building blocks of matter, which can be understood in terms of the arrangements of atoms.
  • Chemical and physical properties of materials can be explained by the structure and the arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules and the forces between them.
  • Changes in matter involve the rearrangement and/or reorganization of atoms and/or the transfer of electrons. Rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions.
  • Rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions.
  • The laws of thermodynamics describe the essential role of energy and explain and predict the direction of changes in matter.
  • Bonds or attractions that can be formed can be broken. These two processes are in constant competition, sensitive to initial conditions and external forces or changes.

AP Biology

The course is based on four Big Ideas, which encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about living organisms and biological systems. The following are Big Ideas:

  • The process of evolution explains the diversity and unity of life.
  • Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.
  • Living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes.
  • Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties.

AP English Literature and Composition

The AP English Literature and Composition course focuses on reading, analyzing, and writing about imaginative literature (fiction, poetry, drama) from various periods.

  • The course is designed to help students become skilled readers and writers through engagement with the following course requirements:
  • Writing an interpretation of a piece of literature that is based on a careful observation of textual details, considering the work’s structure, style, and themes; the social and historical values it re ects and embodies; and such elements as the use of figurative language, imagery, symbolism, and tone
  • Composing in several forms (e.g., narrative, expository, analytical, and argumentative essays) based on students’ analyses of literary texts
  • Writing that proceeds through several stages or drafts, with revision aided by teacher and peers
  • Writing informally (e.g., response journals, textual annotations, collaborative writing), which helps students better understand the texts they are reading
  • Revising their work to develop
    • A wide-ranging vocabulary used appropriately and effectively;
    • A variety of sentence structures, including appropriate use of subordination and coordination;
    • Logical organization, enhanced by techniques such as repetition, transitions, and emphasis; ;
    • A balance of generalization and speci c, illustrative detail; and
    • An effective use of rhetoric, including tone, voice, diction, and sentence structure.

AP Biology

AP Biology dersi 4 ‘Büyük Fikir’ etrafında konuların (Evrim, hücresel aktiviteler-enerji ve iletişim, genetik, bilgi aktarımı, ekoloji ve etkileşimler) yapılandırılmasından oluşmaktadır.

  • Evrim süreci, yaşamın çeşitliliğini ve birliğini yönlendirir.
  • Biyolojik sistemler büyüme, üreme ve homeostasiyi sürdürebilmek için, serbest enerji ve moleküler yapıtaşlarını kullanırlar.
  • Yaşayan sistemler, yaşam süreçleri için gerekli olan bilgiyi alır, iletir ve bunlara cevap verirler.
  • Biyolojik sistemler etkileşime girer ve bu etkileşimler karmaşık özelliklere sahiptir.

AP Macroeconomics

The AP Macroeconomics course provides students with a thorough understanding of the principles of economics and how economists use those principles to examine aggregate economic behavior. Students learn how the measures of economic performance, such as gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, and unemployment are constructed and how to apply them to evaluate the macroeconomic conditions of an economy. The course recognizes the global nature of economics and provides ample opportunities to examine the impact of international trade and finance on national economies. Various economic schools of thought are introduced as students consider solutions to economic problems.
AP Macroeconomics konuları;

  1. Basic Economic Concepts
  2. Measurement of Economic Performance
    1. National income accounts
    2. Inflation measurement and adjustment
    3. Unemployment
  3. National Income and Price Determination
    1. Aggregate demand
    2. Aggregate supply
    3. Macroeconomics equilibrium
  4. Financial Sector
    1. Money, banking, and financial markets
    2. Loanable funds market
    3. Central bank and control of the money supply
  5. Stabilization Policies
    1. Fiscal and monetary policies
    2. The Phillips curve
  6. Economic Growth
    1. Definition of economic growth
    2. Determinants of economic growth
    3. Growth policy
  7. Open Economy: International Trade and Finance
    1. Balance of payments accounts
    2. Foreign exchange market
    3. Imports, exports, and financial capital flows
    4. Relationships between international and domestic financial and goods markets

AP Comparative Government and Politics

Students compare and contrast political institutions and processes across six countries (Great Britain, Mexico, Russia, Iran, China, and Nigeria) and analyze and interpret data to derive generalizations. Topics include:

  • Introduction to Comparative Politics
  • Sovereignty, Authority, and Power
  • Political Institutions
  • Citizens, Society, and the State
  • Political and Economic Change
  • Public Policy

AP World History

AP World History is designed to be the equivalent of a two- semester introductory college or university world history course. In AP World History students investigate significant events, individuals, developments, and processes in six historical periods from approximately 8000 B.C.E. to the present.. The course provides five themes that students explore throughout the course in order to make connections among historical developments in different times and places: interaction between humans and the environment; development and interaction of cultures; state building, expansion, and conflict; creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems; and development and transformation of social structures.

The AP World History course is structured around themes and concepts in six different chronological periods from approximately 8000 BCE to the present:

  • Technological and Environmental Transformations (to c. 600 BCE)
  • Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies (c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE)
  • Regional and Transregional Interactions (c. 600 CE to c. 1450)
  • Gobal Interactions (c. 1450 to c. 1750)
  • Industrialization and Global Integration (c. 1750 to c. 1900)
  • Accelerating Global Change and Realignments (c. 1900 to the Present)

Within each period, key concepts organize and prioritize historical developments. Themes allow students to make connections and identify patterns and trends over time.

AP Studio Art

The AP Program offers three studio art courses and portfolios: 2-Dimensional Design, 3-Dimensional Design, and Drawing. The AP Studio Art portfolios are designed for students who are seriously interested in the practical experience of art. Students submit portfolios for evaluation at the end of the school year. The three portfolios correspond to the most common college foundation courses. Students may choose to submit any or all of the Drawing, 2-Dimensional Design, or 3-Dimensional design portfolios. AP Studio Art students work with diverse media, styles, subjects, and content. Each of the three portfolios consists of three sections:

  • The Range of Approaches (Breadth) section illustrates a range of ideas and approaches to art making.
  • The Sustained Investigation (Concentration) section shows sustained, deep, and multiperspective investigation of a student-selected topic.
  • The Selected Works (Quality) section represents the student’s most successful works with respect to form and content.


AP Exams

The exams given in the AP course throughout the year and the grade shown on the school report card and transcript

International AP Exams given once a year in May and sent by the College Board
These exams usually consist of 2 parts (multiple choice and essay type questions). AP exams are scored between 1-5. The exams are started and ended simultaneously all over the world and they last about 3 hours. The results of the exams are announced by the College Board in July and the result can be sent to the universities with the other application documents with a reference letter from our school.

AP Diploma Programs

AP is a course based certificate program. However, two types of diplomas can be received within the scope of the AP program.

a) AP International Diploma (APID)

AP diploma is awarded on condition that 3 or a higher score is received in the AP exams taken in 5 different courses in 4 different areas.

CONTENT AREA Eligible AP Courses

Two AP Exams from two (2) world languages and culture courses. The language must be different in each course.*
Spanish Literature and Culture and Spanish Language and Culture cannot be paired together.
– OR –
Two AP Exams from one (1) world language and culture course and one (1) English course.


World Languages & Cultures


One AP Exam offering a global perspective

One AP Exam from either the sciences or math and computer science

Math & Computer Science


One additional AP Exam (cannot be English or a world language)

AP Capstone


History & Social Science

Math & Computer Science
See above
See above

b) AP Capstone

The students who attend the AP Seminar course in the first year conduct a group research on 2-4 topics (democracy, technology, sustainability, etc.). Then, they make a presentation as a team, submit a written document, make individual presentations and defenses and eventually they take a written exam and get their score.

In the 2nd year, the students write their academic theses of 5000 words, they present and defend their theses.

In addition, the students have to take 4 AP exams during their high school education and score 3 or more.


TED İstanbul Koleji-2017